Jean-Valère Cossu ; Alejandro Molina-Villegas ; Mariana Tello-Signoret - Active learning in annotating micro-blogs dealing with e-reputation

jimis:3721 - Journal of Interdisciplinary Methodologies and Issues in Sciences, 3 octobre 2017, Vol. 3 - Contextualisation numérique -
Active learning in annotating micro-blogs dealing with e-reputation

Auteurs : Jean-Valère Cossu ; Alejandro Molina-Villegas ; Mariana Tello-Signoret

    Elections unleash strong political views on Twitter, but what do people really think about politics? Opinion and trend mining on micro blogs dealing with politics has recently attracted researchers in several fields including Information Retrieval and Machine Learning (ML). Since the performance of ML and Natural Language Processing (NLP) approaches are limited by the amount and quality of data available, one promising alternative for some tasks is the automatic propagation of expert annotations. This paper intends to develop a so-called active learning process for automatically annotating French language tweets that deal with the image (i.e., representation, web reputation) of politicians. Our main focus is on the methodology followed to build an original annotated dataset expressing opinion from two French politicians over time. We therefore review state of the art NLP-based ML algorithms to automatically annotate tweets using a manual initiation step as bootstrap. This paper focuses on key issues about active learning while building a large annotated data set from noise. This will be introduced by human annotators, abundance of data and the label distribution across data and entities. In turn, we show that Twitter characteristics such as the author's name or hashtags can be considered as the bearing point to not only improve automatic systems for Opinion Mining (OM) and Topic Classification but also to reduce noise in human annotations. However, a later thorough analysis shows that reducing noise might induce the loss of crucial information.

    Volume : Vol. 3 - Contextualisation numérique
    Publié le : 3 octobre 2017
    Accepté le : 3 octobre 2017
    Soumis le : 4 juillet 2017
    Mots-clés : Computer Science - Social and Information Networks,Computer Science - Computation and Language


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